4 Easy Ways to Download a Video in Python : Chris

4 Easy Ways to Download a Video in Python
by: Chris
blow post content copied from  Be on the Right Side of Change
click here to view original post

5/5 - (1 vote)

Method 1: PyTube

To download a YouTube video using PyTube, install the library with pip install pytube, import the YouTube object from pytube, instantiate the YouTube object with your video URL, get the highest resolution stream of the video with youtube.streams.get_highest_resolution(), and download the video to your desired location using video.download('/path/to/download'). Ensure to replace '/path/to/download' with your preferred download directory.

First, you have to install the library. You can do this by running pip install pytube in your command line.

🔗 Recommended: How to Install a Python Library (5 Steps)

Once you’ve done that, you can use the following Python script to download a video:

from pytube import YouTube

def download_video_from_youtube(link, path):
    yt = YouTube(link)
    video = yt.streams.get_highest_resolution()

    # download the video

# example usage:
download_video_from_youtube('https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dQw4w9WgXcQ', '/path/to/download/directory')

This script takes a YouTube video link and a download path as input. It then uses pytube to get the video from the link, and downloads the highest resolution stream of that video to the provided download path.

Please note:

💡 Legality Alert! It needs to be said. The legality of downloading videos from YouTube (or other video services) depends on the jurisdiction and the specific terms of service. In many cases, it may be against the terms of service to download and redistribute videos without the explicit permission of the content owner. This script is provided for educational purposes only, and you should not use it to download or distribute videos without permission.

Method 2: URLLib Request

The urllib.request.urlretrieve(video_url, filename) function can download resources from URLs, and that includes videos. Pass the URL of the resource you want to download as the first argument and the local filename you want to save the downloaded resource to as the second argument. The function will then download the resource at the given URL and save it to the specified filename.

However, it might not always work as expected with video content from platforms like YouTube due to the way such platforms stream and protect their video content.

import urllib.request

url_link = 'http://example.com/video.mp4'  # replace with your actual video url
filename = 'video_name.mp4'

urllib.request.urlretrieve(url_link, filename)

Note that urlretrieve won’t work with all URLs, especially if the file is protected or requires some kind of session or cookie to access or if the server checks the User-Agent and doesn’t like Python’s default User-Agent.

YouTube, for example, uses JavaScript and dynamic page elements to protect its videos from being downloaded, which urlretrieve can’t handle because it doesn’t execute JavaScript or handle dynamic page elements.

That’s why libraries like youtube_dl or pytube are typically used to download videos from YouTube – they can handle the complexity of YouTube’s video serving system.

Method 3: Youtube_DL Library

To download a YouTube video with youtube_dl in Python, install the library using pip install youtube_dl and import youtube_dl in your script using the YoutubeDL object’s download method, passing in a list containing your video’s URL. By default, the video will be saved in your current working directory.

Then you can use the following Python code:

import youtube_dl

def download_video(url):
    ydl_opts = {}
    with youtube_dl.YoutubeDL(ydl_opts) as ydl:

# replace 'url' with your video URL

Here’s what this code does:

  1. ydl_opts = {} is a dictionary of configuration options for youtube_dl. In this case, it’s empty, which means we’re using the default options.
  2. youtube_dl.YoutubeDL(ydl_opts) creates a YoutubeDL object with the given options.
  3. ydl.download([url]) downloads the video at the provided URL.

The video will be downloaded to your current working directory. If you want to save it to a specific directory, you can add the 'outtmpl' key to your ydl_opts dictionary, like this: 'outtmpl': '/path/to/download/%(title)s-%(id)s.%(ext)s'.

🙏 Again: Please respect YouTube’s terms of service and the rights of content creators when downloading videos.

youtube_dl is a widely used, reliable library for downloading videos from YouTube and other video platforms. However, because these platforms frequently change their backends, youtube_dl may occasionally stop working until it is updated by its maintainers.

Method 3: Requests Library

To download a video from a direct URL using the requests library in Python, first install requests with pip install requests. Then, in your script, import requests, call requests.get(url) to get the video content, and write it to a file using the write() function of a file object, opened in binary write mode ('wb'). Replace 'url' with your video’s URL and 'filename' with your preferred file name.

Here’s an example:

import requests

def download_video(url, filename):
    r = requests.get(url)
    with open(filename, 'wb') as f:

# replace 'url' and 'filename'
download_video('http://example.com/video.mp4', 'video.mp4')

This method doesn’t work for YouTube videos due to the platform’s protection mechanisms. Always respect copyright laws and terms of service.

Method 4: URLLib2

To download a video from a URL (e.g., on Coursera) using Python’s urllib2 library and handle Basic HTTP Authentication, use urlopen() to retrieve the video content, which is then written into a file. If the server requires authentication, the HTTPPasswordMgrWithDefaultRealm and HTTPBasicAuthHandler classes are used to create an opener that includes the username and password.

Here’s an example:

import urllib2

# video link and filename
dwn_link = 'https://class.coursera.org/textanalytics-001/lecture/download.mp4?lecture_id=73'
file_name = 'trial_video.mp4' 

# download and save the video
rsp = urllib2.urlopen(dwn_link)
with open(file_name,'wb') as f:

# if Basic HTTP Authentication is required
password_mgr = urllib2.HTTPPasswordMgrWithDefaultRealm()
top_level_url = "http://class.coursera.org/"
password_mgr.add_password(None, top_level_url, username, password)

handler = urllib2.HTTPBasicAuthHandler(password_mgr)

# create "opener" (OpenerDirector instance)
opener = urllib2.build_opener(handler)

# use the opener to fetch a URL

Please note that as of Python 3, urllib2 has been split across several modules in urllib package, so the above example won’t work directly in Python 3. Also, respect copyright laws and terms of service when downloading videos.

🔗 Recommended: Create Your Own YouTube Video Downloader

July 07, 2023 at 09:00PM
Click here for more details...

The original post is available in Be on the Right Side of Change by Chris
this post has been published as it is through automation. Automation script brings all the top bloggers post under a single umbrella.
The purpose of this blog, Follow the top Salesforce bloggers and collect all blogs in a single place through automation.